Today marks the 250th anniversary of the Third Battle of Panipat. The battle lead to a power vacuum that allowed the British to gain sway over the sub continent, particularly as French attempts at an Indian empire ended the following day at Pondicherry.
|Afghan foot by Foundry|
|Persian guard cavalry in Afghan service|
|Map from Wargames Illustrated|
Kipling even wrote a poem about the battle called With Scindia to Delhi.
|More Afghan foot|
Next is a video from the (mid 90s?) Indian TV series 'The Great Marathas.' It is said to show "heart touching dialog between Maratha commander in chief Shimant sadashiveraobhau and Ibrahimkhan gardi during the Third Battle of Panipat."
Don't bother with watching it past the first minute and two seconds. Other than the artillery fire from wheel to wheel artillery and Bhau on elephant there isn't much to hold your attention unless you speak Hindi. Some may say there isn't that much to grab your attention even with the artillery and elephant!
The First Battle of Panipat was fought on 21 April 1526 between Ibrahim Lodhi, Sultan of Delhi, and the Timurid warlord, Babur. Babur's force defeated Ibrahim's much larger force of over one lakh (one hundred thousand) soldiers.
The Second Battle was fought on 5 November 1556 between the forces of Akbar and Hemu, the Hindu King of North India, who had captured Agra and Delhi. Hemu had won 22 battles against the Afghans between 1553–1556 and had established the Hindu Raj. Hemu appeared to be winning thiis battel when he was struck by an arrow in the eye. His troops fled and he was captured and beheaded.